The Travels of the Apostles
Question:
I know that after Christ's Resurrection and Pentecost the apostles spread out over Asia and Europe to "preach and baptize all nations", but I have always wondered where each of them went and what became of them. I know a little, however I would like to find out more. -Nick
Answer:
The early Christians inherited the traditions of the apostles from the very disciples of the apostles who witnessed all the apostolic events. Moreover, in the Bible, Jesus predicted the difficulties and martyrdoms of the apostles, therefore these traditions confirm the words of Jesus and should be accepted.
According to Tradition, the apostles were guided by the Holy Spirit to cast lots, so as to divide up the world and to determine who would go where, for the sake of preaching the Gospel of Jesus. They suffered greatly for the Faith and in most cases met violent deaths on account of their bold witness.
The New Testament tells of the fate of only two of the apostles: Judas, who betrayed Jesus and then went out and hanged himself, and James the son of Zebedee, who was executed by Herod about 44 AD (Acts 12:2).
PETER was martyred in Rome about AD 66 during the persecution under Emperor Nero. Peter was crucified, upside down at his request, since he did not feel he was worthy to die in the same manner as his Lord.
ANDREW went to the "land of the man-eaters," in what is now the ex-Soviet Union. Christians there claim him as the first to bring the Gospel to their land. He also preached in Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey, and in Greece, where he is said to have been crucified.
THOMAS was probably most active in the area east of Syria. He preached as far east as India, where the ancient Marthoma Christians revere him as their founder. He died there when pierced through with the spears of four soldiers.
PHILIP possibly had a powerful ministry in Carthage in North Africa and then in Asia Minor, where he converted the wife of a Roman proconsul. In retaliation the proconsul had Philip arrested and cruelly put to death.
MATTHEW the tax collector and writer of a gospel book, ministered in Persia in Asia and Ethiopia in Africa. Some of the oldest reports say he was not martyred, while others say he was stabbed to death in Ethiopia.
BARTHOLOMEW had widespread missionary travels: to India with Thomas, back to Armenia, and also to Ethiopia and Southern Arabia. There are various accounts of how he met his death as a martyr for the Gospel.
JAMES the son of Alpheus, is one of at least three James's referred to in the New Testament. There is some confusion as to which is which, but this James is reckoned to have ministered in Syria. The Jewish historian Josephus reported that he was stoned and then clubbed to death.
SIMON THE ZEALOT ministered in Persia and was killed after refusing to sacrifice to the sun god.
MATTHIAS was the apostle chosen to replace Judas. He went to Syria with Andrew and to death by burning.
JOHN is the only one of the company generally thought to have died a natural death from old age. He was the leader of the church in the Ephesus area, now in west Turkey, and is said to have taken care of Mary the mother of Jesus in his home. During Domitian's persecution in the middle 90's, he was exiled to the island of Patmos, in modern-day Greece. There he wrote the last book of the New Testament--the Revelation. An early Latin tradition has him escaping unhurt after being cast into boiling oil at Rome.
I hope this helps your studies- Gaius.