God And Allah Are Not The Same Deity
A Very Basic Comparison of Christianity and Islam
Christianity and Islam both teach that there is one God over all creation. But does this mean that they are one and the same?
It has been claimed for a few centuries, but more adamantly in recent years, that the god of Islam, called "Allah", is the same as the God of Christianity. There are so many proofs against such a belief, but only a few here will suffice.
In the first place, the god of Islam is taught in Islam's holy book, the Koran, and in Islam's holy interpretation of the Koran, its traditions, called "the Hadiths", that Allah is inconceivable and untangeable, that he has quite limited, direct dealings with human beings. Muslims are taught that it is impossible that Allah could ever become human, since Allah's essence is so far removed from anything earthly. Allah is so much unlike people and so far removed from physical realities that there can be no direct connections with human beings other than hearing and answering prayers. Not even the Muslim heaven itself can be united with Muslims on earth.
But the God of Christianity is revealed in similar ways to be inconceivable and in essence untangeable; however, God is also known to have many direct dealings with His children. Both of these concepts are taught in the Bible and in Holy Tradition, which is the original standard of biblical interpretation established by the Prophets and Apostles. Christians are taught that it is possible for God to become Human, since God has in Himself this capacity, even creating man in His image. God's relationship with mankind is both transcendent and immanent, so that He can be said to have two natures- one that is Divine and one that is Human- yet not be divided or separated by these natures. This became visible in Jesus Christ, who was the pre-existing Word that became human flesh (John 1), whose birth, life, death, and resurrection was prophesied of and witnessed by a multitude of people. Hence, Heaven and earth became united and purified by the Cross and Resurrection of the God-Man.
The Mohammedan god, Allah, as Muslims are taught, is said to abhor the idea of divine intimacy with mankind, especially of such a powerful relationship that God can become Man and/or that God is of two natures- divine and human.
But the basis of Christianity is the fact that God is the Word and the Word is God, and that a totally transcendent god cannot be realistically asserted without falling into doctrinal and logical contradictions.
These basic differences are important when claiming that Allah and God are the same deities.
Similar to the issue of the two natures, or lack thereof, is the Muslim belief that Allah is so singular that no suggestion of other manifestations should be made about Allah's essence. If it can be said that Allah is able to sit or stand, or appear as a man, or associate eternally with something else, etc., then Allah cannot be one god or one in essence.
But the Christian God is revealed in Three Persons that are not separate in any way, so that They are literally One Person manifested in Three- the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This is called "the Holy Trinity", and it is a doctrine that the Bible and Holy Tradition discuss and prove without contradiction.
The Mohammedan god, Allah, is said to be one in essence, though the Koran also teaches that the Divine Throne and the Koran are co-eternal with him (in 13:1-3 and 43:1-2), thereby proving that Allah is not one, but co-exists in essence with an eternal, uncreated chair and an eternal, uncreated book. God and man, heaven and earth, are not united, but they are kept in separation and logical inconsistency, dependent on the arbitrary and contradictory whims of Allah. Thus, absolute submission to Allah is the goal of every Muslim in imitation of Mohammed, the man who himself was able to wrest from Allah whatever spiritual message he desired (One example of this was his sudden revelation from Allah that he could marry 12 women, rather than 4 women, as the Koran commands every other man to do. Another example is the Koran's insistence that no person be compelled to become Muslim, yet Mohammed constantly forced people to become Muslim or die. There are countless other profound contradictions like these in the Koran and Hadiths, all of which Allah allowed). As contradictory as Islam is with Allah's trinity, so is it contradictory about Allah's revelations of holiness, which no one is obligated to attain.
But the Christian God is a Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, revealed without contradiction and in perfect conformity with prophetic revelation, human history, and divine mysticism. God and man, Heaven and earth, are united and saved by Christ Jesus on the Cross through His Resurrection. Hence, spiritual perfection is the goal of every Christian in imitation of the God-Man, who gave life to all by giving His life for others, remaining obedient to God's standard of Truth required of all living beings. As consistent as Christianity is with the Holy Trinity, so is it consistent about God's revelations of attaining spiritual perfection, which is incumbent on every soul.
All of these important differences between Islam's god and Christianity's God are profound enough to dispel any suggestion that Mohammed's god and Christ's God are one and the same deity. The Muslim god is so transcendent that he only maneuvers nature and people's wills without their consent or knowledge or foreknowledge, remaining very aloof from every soul on earth, while the Christian God is both transcendent and immanent, even potentially immanent and interactive within each soul. The paradox of the relationship between Heaven and earth, the visible and invisible, corruption and incorruption, is resolved in Christianity through the awareness of the Holy Trinity and the two natures of Jesus Christ, while this paradox is not resolved in Islam, though it is apparent and doctrinally evident, so that it is left instead as a contradiction that is ignored, dismissed, or unsatisfactorily unexplained.
It is unfair to proper spirituality that the True God and the True Religion be associated with a false god and a false religion. Allah and God are not the same entities, and anyone who repeats such a sentiment must be confronted and corrected, so that the Truth may continue unmixed with lies. Yes, it is true that Christianity teaches that there is one God and that He is transcendent and inconceivable, and yes, Islam does teach a trinity. But Islam does not teach that Allah is immanent or that the Kingdom of Heaven is within each believer, nor does Christianity teach that the Trinity includes a chair and a book. These differences exponentially expand as all the doctrines of Islam and Christianity are explored. God and Allah are different entities, each teaching quite different spiritual goals; and only one of them must be the True Creator. Either this Creator has a consistent standard of Truth, like the God of Christianity, or he makes up truths as he goes along, like the god of Islam. It can't be both, as so many today insist on believing and saying.